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The Komondor is a breed of livestock guardian dog originating in Hungary. The plural in Hungarian is "Komondorok". Females are minimum 27 inches (69cm) at the withers, often much taller. Male Komondors are a minimum of 28 inches at the withers, but many are over 30 inches tall, making this one of the larger breed of dog. Males are minimum 100 pounds and up, females minimum 80 pounds and up at maturity, but generally between 99 – 132 pounds. The Komondor has a square-body, the body is not overly coarse or heavy, however, people unfamiliar with the breed are often surprised by how quick and agile the dogs are. The Komondor's coat is a long, thick, strikingly corded white coat, about 20 – 27 cm long, (the heaviest amount of fur in the canine world) resembles dreadlocks or a mop.
The origin of the Komondor is debated. Some believe the Komondor were a dog of the Magyars, while others believe it to be a dog of the Sumerians. According to the most probable explanation, Komondors were brought to Hungary by Cumans, the Turkish speaking, nomadic people who settled Hungary during the 12th and 13th century. The name "quman-dur" means "belonging to the Cumans" or "the dog of the Cumans," thus distinguishing it from a similar Hungarian sheepdog breed which later merged with the Komondor. The name Komondor is found for the first time written in 1544 in the History of King Astiagis by Kákonyi Péter, in Hungarian. Later in 1673 Amos Comenius mentions the Komondor in one of his works.
The unique dreadlock appearance gives a hint of common origin with the Puli and the Bergamasco. There might also be a link between the Komondor and the big, white Russian livestock dogs, the South Russian Ovcharka. The dreadlock coat must have developed under a dry and extreme temperature climate as it provides superb protection against cold and hot weather, but is not too comfortable in wet weather.
The Komondor is built for livestock guarding. It is big, strong, and armored with a thick coat. The coat provides protection against wild animals and the weather and vegetation, the coat of the dog looks similar to that of a sheep so it can easily blend into a flock and camouflage itself giving it an advantage when predators such as wolves attack. The coat is the trademark of the breed.
Today the Komondor is a fairly common breed in Hungary, its country of origin. Many Komondors were killed during World War II and local stories say that this is because when the Germans (and then the Russians) invaded, they had to kill the dog before they could capture a farm or house that it guarded. Train your pup using Cesar Millan's Dog Whisperer tips!